The figures below describe iron intake data collected as part of the 2007 Australian National Children’s Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (CNPAS).
FIGURES: Mean intake of IRON by age group and gender (mg/day)
Boys of 2-3yrs= 8.3
Boys of 4-8yrs= 10.5
Boys of 9-13yrs= 13.6
Boys of 14-16yrs= 16.3
Girls of 2-3yrs= 7.8
Girls of 4-8yrs= 9.2
Girls of 9-13yrs= 10.8
Girls of 14-16yrs= 11.1
Adapted from 2007 CNPAS. Available from: https://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/phd-nutrition-childrens-survey
Your assignment is to write an article discussing the iron results and their health implications. Address each of the points outlined below in your assignment. Include at least 5 original peer reviewed scientific articles to support your argument. Review papers may be included but they are in additional to the 5 original research articles. There is no age limit on the articles that you select to include in the assignment. Do not cite references from internet sources and non-peer reviewed literature unless there is a strong reason to do so. The reference section and any in-text citation do not add to the word count. No plagiarism at all. It all should be original content. All the information in the assignment must be referenced according to Harvard referencing style. Inner text and end text unless the discussion is based on own views and opinions.
Address the following points:
1) Methodology: Describe and critically evaluate the methods used to collect the iron intake data in the CNPAS.
2) Nutrient Reference Values: Compare the intake data with the Nutrient Reference Values (NRV) for iron, specifically the Estimated Average Requirement (EAR) and the Recommended Dietary Intake (RDI). What proportion of the population did not meet the EAR for Iron? Justify why you use the EAR for this comparison as opposed to the RDI.
3) Health Implications of IRON: Identify and critically evaluate the evidence from peer reviewed journals linking low iron intakes with impaired cognitive development and growth in children and adolescents (2-16yrs)
4) Public health implications: Do you consider iron intake levels within Australian children and adolescents to be a public health concern? You must provide a rationale for your answer.
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