In this course, you have discovered that when individuals have needs that are not met, they are motivated to behave in ways that will satisfy their unmet needs. One theory of needs satisfaction was proposed by Abraham Maslow. This theory suggests that people are motivated to fulfill certain needs before they are motivated to satisfy other needs. Maslow identified five categories of needs and proposed that they are satisfied in order from the lowest level to the highest level. The lowest level is physiological need, followed by need for safety, need for belonging, need for esteem, and need for self-actualization. A person may go through life without reaching the highest level, self-actualization. Self-actualization is the need to meet your true potential. For example, consider a natural-born artist who works as an accountant to earn a living. If the artist does not make time to use his artistic skills, he will be unable to satisfy his need for self-actualization.
David Lester created the Need Satisfaction Inventory to measure satisfaction of needs in each of Maslow’s categories. If you take the inventory and discover that your satisfaction of needs at the lower levels is greater than your satisfaction of needs at the higher levels, your results are consistent with Maslow’s theory. Specifically, consistent results would show the following:
Satisfaction of Physiological Need > Satisfaction of Safety Need > Satisfaction of Need for Belonging > Satisfaction of Need for Esteem > Satisfaction of Need for Self-Actualization
Maslow’s theory suggests that everyone is motivated to meet needs in order to achieve satisfaction. The theory also recognizes that individuals meet needs in different ways based on their situations. For example, you might meet your need for safety at home by installing a security system. You might meet that same need at work by carrying a keychain flashlight to go to your car at night. Military personnel might meet their need for safety by carrying a weapon. Maslow’s theory is based on needs that are prominent in western cultures. Criticisms of the theory include concerns that different cultures may have different needs. People throughout the world also may not be motivated to meet needs in the sequence that Maslow suggests.
To prepare for this assignment:
*Review “Cultural Assumptions, Productivity and Innovation: Understanding the United States Through Contrast With the People’s Republic of China.” Pay particular attention to the section titled “Contrast in U.S. and Chinese Hierarchy of Needs.” http://www.archive.org/details/culturalassumpti00nevi
*Fill out Lester’s Need Satisfaction Inventory Below.
*Think about whether your results from the inventory are consistent with Maslow’s theory.
*Consider how your needs for physiological concerns, safety, belonging, and esteem might be satisfied at home and at work.
*Keeping in mind that many people do not fulfill their need for self-actualization, consider how you might increase your likelihood of satisfying that need, even if you already are fulfilling the need to some extent.
*Reflect on how Maslow’s theory could be adjusted to address the needs of different cultures.
The assignment (2 pages): No Plagiarism and must be cited with References
(1)Describe your results from Lester’s Need Satisfaction Inventory below. Analyze whether your results are consistent with Maslow’s theory.?
(2)Explain how your needs currently are met both at home and at work for the first four levels of Maslow’s needs: physiological, safety, belonging, and esteem. If they are not currently being met, explain how you could meet them at both home and work. Use the table below to guide you.
How Need Is or Could Be Met at Home How Need Is or Could Be Met at Work
(3)Analyze your results for the fifth level of Maslow’s hierarchy, self-actualization. Explain how it may be possible for you to increase your satisfaction score in that category?
(4)Recommend one way that Maslow’s theory could be adjusted to address the needs of different cultures?
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